National University of Cordoba, Argentina
Title: Paediatric Dentistry and its prevention since teenage pregnancy
Biography: Ana Ofelia Ivars
Background: Medical specialties have paid little attention to the teenage stage, including dentistry. If we add the teen pregnancy to these trends due to economic, social or cultural circumstances, the results are young women with a high prevalence of caries, periodontal disease and early tooth loss.
Objective: To detect teenagers at risk through different educational institutions such as churches, health centres, sports clubs, etc.
Situation analysis: The field study revealed a worrying number of adolescents who drop out of school or job due to pregnancy at a young age.
Intervention strategies: Three different levels of prevention were established and primary prevention measures intended to prevent teenage pregnancy. Secondary prevention measures were adopted when there was evidence of an on-going pregnancy. Tertiary prevention measures were taken to promote school reinsertion and reintegration into the labour market.
Results: Teachers, doctors, dentists, obstetricians, physical therapists, neonatologists and paediatricians worked in a multi and interdisciplinary way in order to educate and promote healthy living and to avoid risk situations in this particular age group.